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Bank PO :: Test 133
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1 - 10) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words/ phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
This is an age of unprecedented 'judicial activism.' This activism has, at times, curbed executive actions, earning popular approbation. In a democratic set-up, nobody, however influential, can act arbitrarily. The rule of law much be respected so that the citizen knows where he stands. To ensure this, courts have to uphold and protect citizens' rights and interests. People approach the courts anticipating speedy dispensation of justice. Delays in the judicial process cause them frustration and disappointment.
An independent judiciary is a prerequisite for upholding the rule of law and protecting the rights of citizens that are guaranteed by the Constitution. That may not be easy. Judges alone cannot dispense speedy justice. They must have the cooperation of the legal community and the government.
A further complication for judges is that they cannot publicly comment on their judgments. They also have to ensure that the judiciary is not affected by political interference, especially the machinations of corrupt politicians.
The judiciary has to ensure that its credibility remains intact in the public perception. If it is to be successful in doing so it needs all the help it can get, especially because good judges usually do not go public to defend themselves.
The legal fraternity has to play a prominent role in building the image of the judiciary by following, if necessary, selfimposed codes of conduct. Lawyers, for instance, should not cast aspersions on the impartial conduct of presiding officers of courts.
They should also not misuse safeguards provided by a plethora of legal codes, which help them protect the interests of their clients.
They must ensure that their clients are not allowed to delay legal proceedings and subvert the ends of justice. Lawyers must assist judges to dispose cases fast.
It is common in landlord-tenant disputes, for instance, to ask for 'stays' and delay judicial proceedings. If lawyers refuse to be complicit in such dilatory tactics they would gain in terms of public estimation and enhance the reputation of the judiciary.

What does the term 'judicial activism' stand for ?

A.    Judiciary is supreme. B.    Judiciary is vigilant and active.
C.    Judiciary can cross any limit. D.    Judges are the most powerful persons in a democracy.
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2 .

What would happen if the judiciary ceases to be independent ?

A.    Executive will become more powerful. B.    Disintegration will take place in the society.
C.    Rule of might is right will prevail. D.    People will get rid of getting expensive justice.
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3 .

How can the delay injudicial process be checked ?

A.    There should be only a single hearing in a case. B.    Judges should be given a time frame for the disposal of a particular case.
C.    The working hours of the judiciary should be extended. D.    One and all in the chain of judiciary should cooperate with one another.
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4 .

How can the lawyers assist judges in disposing cases fast ?

A.    by appealing for compromise B.    by not taking the cases of criminals
C.    by not assisting their clients in delay tactics D.    by making the cases transparent before the judges
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5 .

Which of the following is a characteristic of a democratic set-up ?

A.    Law is supreme. B.    Media is more influential than any other body.
C.    Public opinion is even above the Constitution. D.    Government has unlimited powers.
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6 .

Which of the following can hamper the functioning of the judiciary in a fair manner ?
I interference by political leaders
II our outdated constitution
III hectic schedule of judges
IV negative attitude of the lawyers

A.    Only I B.    III and IV only
C.    I, II and III only D.    I and IV only
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7 .

Which of the following is true in the context of the passage ?

A.    We are now in an era of judicial activism. B.    Lawyers usually disobey the judges.
C.    Government can check the power of judiciary. D.    Judges often air their views publicly over their judgements.
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8 .

free judiciary has to ensure whether

A.    lawyers are doing justice to their cases or not. B.    the rights of citizens are protected or not.
C.    cases are tried speedily or not. D.    people are satisfied with the performance of their government or not.
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9 .

Give a suitable title for this passage.

A.    Powerful judiciary B.    Constitution and democracy
C.    Role ofjudiciary in a democracy D.    Political interference injudiciary
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10 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words/ phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
This is an age of unprecedented 'judicial activism.' This activism has, at times, curbed executive actions, earning popular approbation. In a democratic set-up, nobody, however influential, can act arbitrarily. The rule of law much be respected so that the citizen knows where he stands. To ensure this, courts have to uphold and protect citizens' rights and interests. People approach the courts anticipating speedy dispensation of justice. Delays in the judicial process cause them frustration and disappointment.
An independent judiciary is a prerequisite for upholding the rule of law and protecting the rights of citizens that are guaranteed by the Constitution. That may not be easy. Judges alone cannot dispense speedy justice. They must have the cooperation of the legal community and the government.
A further complication for judges is that they cannot publicly comment on their judgments. They also have to ensure that the judiciary is not affected by political interference, especially the machinations of corrupt politicians.
The judiciary has to ensure that its credibility remains intact in the public perception. If it is to be successful in doing so it needs all the help it can get, especially because good judges usually do not go public to defend themselves.
The legal fraternity has to play a prominent role in building the image of the judiciary by following, if necessary, selfimposed codes of conduct. Lawyers, for instance, should not cast aspersions on the impartial conduct of presiding officers of courts.
They should also not misuse safeguards provided by a plethora of legal codes, which help them protect the interests of their clients.
They must ensure that their clients are not allowed to delay legal proceedings and subvert the ends of justice. Lawyers must assist judges to dispose cases fast.
It is common in landlord-tenant disputes, for instance, to ask for 'stays' and delay judicial proceedings. If lawyers refuse to be complicit in such dilatory tactics they would gain in terms of public estimation and enhance the reputation of the judiciary.

Direction : Choose the word wich is most nearly the SAM E in meaning as the word given in bold as used in passage.

Q. ARBITRARILY

A.    ruthlessly B.    fastly
C.    rapidly D.    dictatorially
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