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"When ambition ends, happiness begins."
- (Proverb)
Bank PO :: Test 140
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
It is perhaps one of the ironies of twentieth-century history that the demise of Gandhi and the Gandhian ethics and ideology should have led to some of republican India's most significant achievements. Guided by the full flow of the Nehruvian outlook, India tried to find a middle path in a world caught up in a cold war between the capitalist west and the centrally planned economies of the Soviet bloc and the People's Republic of China.
The Nehruvian vision of a mixed economy combined with a secular non-partisan role for the state laid the foundations for the country's future growth. A strong public sectorin core and strategic areas tried to generate development in economically backward regions just as selected districts were earmarked for intensive agricultural growth using the Green Revolution and White Revolution routes to boost the production of foodgrains and milk and milk products. A complaining, though protected, private sector completed the mixed economy package by laying the groundwork for producing an array of consumer durables for the middle class. The net result of these policies, along with the subsequent liberalisation process of the past decade, has been that we now have a-third-of-a-billion-strong middle class, and the goods, services and security infrastructure to serve its needs and protect its interests.
It would, however, be wrong to say that the other twothirds, the rest of the 700 million, have been forgotten by the entire gamut of what constitutes our republic. Indeed, India's republican spirit of concern for the forgotten sections of the public has been served by a resilient and robust non-government sector of social, development and human rights activists. A network of non-government organisations has not only kept alive certain Gandhian ideals of working for the marginalised oppressed groups in rural India, but also struggled for the emancipation and empowerment of Dalits, women and children. The non-government sector has also proved itself to be the nation's conscience-keeper in respect of the environment and human rights abuses perpetrated in the name of development and national security. The activism of this sector, usually frowned upon by the government ofthe republic, at times even suppressed by force, has nevertheless succeeded in motivating the Supreme Court to establish the pathbreaking system of public interest litigation in the judiciary. It is now possible for a simple postcard addressed to the Chief Justice to be able to summon the government or a corporation to answer or redress the violation of fundamental rights of a community of people, even an individual, in public interest. India can be rightly proud of this unique form of (republican) judicial activism that has few parallels in the modern world.

Direction (Q. 1 - 2) : Choose the word wich is most nearly the SAME is meaning as the word given in bold as used in passage.

Q. Array

A.    series B.    quality
C.    option D.    network
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2 .

Q. Gamut

A.    element B.    burden
C.    range D.    theme
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3 .

 

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words/phrases are printed in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
It is perhaps one of the ironies of twentieth-century history that the demise of Gandhi and the Gandhian ethics and ideology should have led to some of republican India's most significant achievements. Guided by the full flow of the Nehruvian outlook, India tried to find a middle path in a world caught up in a cold war between the capitalist west and the centrally planned economies of the Soviet bloc and the People's Republic of China.
The Nehruvian vision of a mixed economy combined with a secular non-partisan role for the state laid the foundations for the country's future growth. A strong public sectorin core and strategic areas tried to generate development in economically backward regions just as selected districts were earmarked for intensive agricultural growth using the Green Revolution and White Revolution routes to boost the production of foodgrains and milk and milk products. A complaining, though protected, private sector completed the mixed economy package by laying the groundwork for producing an array of consumer durables for the middle class. The net result of these policies, along with the subsequent liberalisation process of the past decade, has been that we now have a-third-of-a-billion-strong middle class, and the goods, services and security infrastructure to serve its needs and protect its interests.
It would, however, be wrong to say that the other twothirds, the rest of the 700 million, have been forgotten by the entire gamut of what constitutes our republic. Indeed, India's republican spirit of concern for the forgotten sections of the public has been served by a resilient and robust non-government sector of social, development and human rights activists. A network of non-government organisations has not only kept alive certain Gandhian ideals of working for the marginalised oppressed groups in rural India, but also struggled for the emancipation and empowerment of Dalits, women and children. The non-government sector has also proved itself to be the nation's conscience-keeper in respect of the environment and human rights abuses perpetrated in the name of development and national security. The activism of this sector, usually frowned upon by the government ofthe republic, at times even suppressed by force, has nevertheless succeeded in motivating the Supreme Court to establish the pathbreaking system of public interest litigation in the judiciary. It is now possible for a simple postcard addressed to the Chief Justice to be able to summon the government or a corporation to answer or redress the violation of fundamental rights of a community of people, even an individual, in public interest. India can be rightly proud of this unique form of (republican) judicial activism that has few parallels in the modern world.

Direction : Choose the word wich is most nearly the SAME is meaning as the word given in bold as used in passage.

Direction (Q. 3 - 5) : Choose the word which is most OPPOSITE in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. Demise

A.    generation B.    ideal
C.    concept D.    advent
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4 .

Q. Boost

A.    arrest B.    limit
C.    last D.    decrease
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5 .

Q. Motivating

A.    frightening B.    abusing
C.    complaining D.    discouraging
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6 .

Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In each of the following questions an idiomatic expression and its four possible meanings are given. Find out the correct meaning of the idiomatic expression. If you do not find any correct answer, mark '4', ie "None of these", as your answer.

On the carpet

A.    in the knowledge B.    at the lower side
C.    under discussion D.    a trivial issue
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7 .

Keep from

A.    go on a line B.    restrain from
C.    not on the main track D.    side by side
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8 .

To make a long face

A.    to weep continuously B.    in an angry mood
C.    satisfied with others D.    seem to be depressed
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9 .

Out of the blue

A.    out of difficulty B.    out of confusion
C.    unexpectedly D.    get rid of problems
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10 .

In the blues

A.    in a sad state B.    in a jovial mood
C.    feeling energetic D.    dream coming true
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