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"Do not wait for leaders; do it alone, person to person."
- Mother Teresa
Bank PO :: Test 166
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1 - 10) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
The goals of terrorism differ somewhat from those of revolutionary movements. Revolution seeks to effect radical changes in the social and economic structure of the country and also in its power structures. They enunciate a new vision and programmes of action. Terrorist movements are neither radical nor revolutionary. They are destructive and stem usually from conservatism and revenge.
Terrorism seems to have become endemic to modern society. It continues to be generated by recurrent social crises, arising from the increasing marginalisation of some sections of society caused by the indiscriminate spread of capitalism and the free market economy, through the much-vaunted process of globalisation.
It is said that this modern phenomenon of terrorist movements is born out of frustration and despair. Despair caused by social marginalisation, economic decline and political defeat. Someone once said that "young hope betrayed, transforms itself into bombs." Perceived injustice, if allowed to continue unresolved, will also transform itself into despair and then violence. Leon Trotsky once described the two emotions central to terrorism as being despair and vengeance. The betrayed hopes one talks of are, as we are aware, the hopes of diverse communities to obtain their fair share of the cake.
At this point it would be useful to remind ourselves that it is not terrorism nor terrorists who divided Ireland nor caused the Israel-Palestinian problem 50 years ago. They did not impose White rule in South Africa, nor did the terrorists overthrow the duly elected governments of Salvador Allende in Chile. Terrorists did not separate India and Pakistan. To come closer home, neither did the armed Tamil militants create the circumstances for the marginalisation of the minority communities of Sri Lanka. It is perceived injustice that has engendered violent or terroristic responses from those who feel to be victims of that injustice.
It has been said that violence — social, political or physical — perpetrated by the State or the agents of the State against other States or its own people is the womb of terrorism. Today, there is a desperate need to study and understand the deep-rooted causes that divide groups of people who inhabit the same land and form one nation.
The causes of these conflicts and the form they take, whether it be terrorism or otherwise, must be studied and understood in a scientific and objective manner. I have no doubt you would agree that the governments and people of South Asia need to engage urgently in this exercise. South Asia has failed to emerge, even after half a century of independence, from cataclysmic intra-national divisions and conflicts.
The persistent assertion of emotional attachment to traditional beliefs may prove unhelpful in the present context. We may have to shed some of our traditional sectarian attitudes in order to manage the changes that have propelled us at extraordinary velocity into the modern world. New value systems, accompanied by new attitudes and new systems of managing change, would have to be formulated and adopted, if we are to cope with and benefit from the marvels of modern science and technology.

What is the basic difference between 'revolution' and 'terrorism' ?

A.    Revolution bears creative results whereas terrorism bears damaging results. B.    Revolution is led by a large number of people whereas terrorism is led by a few people.
C.    Revolution is against the state machinery whereas terrorism is against the masses. D.    Revolution takes place openly whereas terrorism is a surreptitious phenomenon.
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2 .

Which of the following cannot be seen as a cause of terrorism, according to the passage ?

A.    conservative approach B.    absolute power
C.    vindictiveness D.    frustration
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3 .

What do you mean by the expression "young hope betrayed, transforms itself into bombs" ?

A.    Young people are always prepared to spread violence. B.    Violence is the creation of young minds.
C.    Young people are veterans in making bombs. D.    When the hopes of young people remain unfulfilled and they are cheated, they adopt the way of violence.
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4 .

The author is of the opinion that

A.    there is little unity within the South Asian nations. B.    South Asia has emerged as a hub of terrorism.
C.    South Asian nations are facing identity crisis. D.    South Asian countries are little equipped to deal with terrorism.
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5 .

Which of the following is not a suggestion given by the author ?

A.    We should look into the causes that create division within groups of civilians of a country. B.    We should change according to the time and adopt modernity to derive its benefits.
C.    Revolution is always welcome while terrorism should be denounced. D.    We should adopt new value systems, accompanied by new attitudes.
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6 .

Which of the following is not true in the context of the passage ?

A.    Revolution seeks change in the system of governance. B.    Terrorism is destructive in nature.
C.    Emotional attachment to traditional beliefs is a healthy sign in the modern contexts D.    Terrorism is the outcome of despair and vengeance.
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7 .

Which of the following is true in the context of the passage ?

A.    Terrorism played the key role in the separation of India and Pakistan. B.    Tamil militants created the circumstances for the marginalisation of the minority communities of Sri Lanka.
C.    Revolutionary movements are the result of conservatism and revenge. D.    Violence is the outcome of perceived injustice.
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8 .

What message does the author want to convey through this passage ?

A.    We should look into the roots of terrorism. B.    We should support revolution.
C.    We should give up our traditional beliefs. D.    We should share the fruits of modernity.
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9 .

Which of the following regions does the author come from ?

A.    Africa B.    Australia
C.    Europe D.    South Asia
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10 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
The goals of terrorism differ somewhat from those of revolutionary movements. Revolution seeks to effect radical changes in the social and economic structure of the country and also in its power structures. They enunciate a new vision and programmes of action. Terrorist movements are neither radical nor revolutionary. They are destructive and stem usually from conservatism and revenge.
Terrorism seems to have become endemic to modern society. It continues to be generated by recurrent social crises, arising from the increasing marginalisation of some sections of society caused by the indiscriminate spread of capitalism and the free market economy, through the much-vaunted process of globalisation.
It is said that this modern phenomenon of terrorist movements is born out of frustration and despair. Despair caused by social marginalisation, economic decline and political defeat. Someone once said that "young hope betrayed, transforms itself into bombs." Perceived injustice, if allowed to continue unresolved, will also transform itself into despair and then violence. Leon Trotsky once described the two emotions central to terrorism as being despair and vengeance. The betrayed hopes one talks of are, as we are aware, the hopes of diverse communities to obtain their fair share of the cake.
At this point it would be useful to remind ourselves that it is not terrorism nor terrorists who divided Ireland nor caused the Israel-Palestinian problem 50 years ago. They did not impose White rule in South Africa, nor did the terrorists overthrow the duly elected governments of Salvador Allende in Chile. Terrorists did not separate India and Pakistan. To come closer home, neither did the armed Tamil militants create the circumstances for the marginalisation of the minority communities of Sri Lanka. It is perceived injustice that has engendered violent or terroristic responses from those who feel to be victims of that injustice.
It has been said that violence — social, political or physical — perpetrated by the State or the agents of the State against other States or its own people is the womb of terrorism. Today, there is a desperate need to study and understand the deep-rooted causes that divide groups of people who inhabit the same land and form one nation.
The causes of these conflicts and the form they take, whether it be terrorism or otherwise, must be studied and understood in a scientific and objective manner. I have no doubt you would agree that the governments and people of South Asia need to engage urgently in this exercise. South Asia has failed to emerge, even after half a century of independence, from cataclysmic intra-national divisions and conflicts.
The persistent assertion of emotional attachment to traditional beliefs may prove unhelpful in the present context. We may have to shed some of our traditional sectarian attitudes in order to manage the changes that have propelled us at extraordinary velocity into the modern world. New value systems, accompanied by new attitudes and new systems of managing change, would have to be formulated and adopted, if we are to cope with and benefit from the marvels of modern science and technology.

Direction : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. RADICAL

A.    fundamental B.    sudden
C.    superficial D.    deliberate
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