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Bank PO :: Test 167
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
The goals of terrorism differ somewhat from those of revolutionary movements. Revolution seeks to effect radical changes in the social and economic structure of the country and also in its power structures. They enunciate a new vision and programmes of action. Terrorist movements are neither radical nor revolutionary. They are destructive and stem usually from conservatism and revenge.
Terrorism seems to have become endemic to modern society. It continues to be generated by recurrent social crises, arising from the increasing marginalisation of some sections of society caused by the indiscriminate spread of capitalism and the free market economy, through the much-vaunted process of globalisation.
It is said that this modern phenomenon of terrorist movements is born out of frustration and despair. Despair caused by social marginalisation, economic decline and political defeat. Someone once said that "young hope betrayed, transforms itself into bombs." Perceived injustice, if allowed to continue unresolved, will also transform itself into despair and then violence. Leon Trotsky once described the two emotions central to terrorism as being despair and vengeance. The betrayed hopes one talks of are, as we are aware, the hopes of diverse communities to obtain their fair share of the cake.
At this point it would be useful to remind ourselves that it is not terrorism nor terrorists who divided Ireland nor caused the Israel-Palestinian problem 50 years ago. They did not impose White rule in South Africa, nor did the terrorists overthrow the duly elected governments of Salvador Allende in Chile. Terrorists did not separate India and Pakistan. To come closer home, neither did the armed Tamil militants create the circumstances for the marginalisation of the minority communities of Sri Lanka. It is perceived injustice that has engendered violent or terroristic responses from those who feel to be victims of that injustice.
It has been said that violence — social, political or physical — perpetrated by the State or the agents of the State against other States or its own people is the womb of terrorism. Today, there is a desperate need to study and understand the deep-rooted causes that divide groups of people who inhabit the same land and form one nation.
The causes of these conflicts and the form they take, whether it be terrorism or otherwise, must be studied and understood in a scientific and objective manner. I have no doubt you would agree that the governments and people of South Asia need to engage urgently in this exercise. South Asia has failed to emerge, even after half a century of independence, from cataclysmic intra-national divisions and conflicts.
The persistent assertion of emotional attachment to traditional beliefs may prove unhelpful in the present context. We may have to shed some of our traditional sectarian attitudes in order to manage the changes that have propelled us at extraordinary velocity into the modern world. New value systems, accompanied by new attitudes and new systems of managing change, would have to be formulated and adopted, if we are to cope with and benefit from the marvels of modern science and technology.

Direction (Q. 1 - 2) : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. VENGEANCE

A.    repentance B.    remorse
C.    revenge D.    aggression
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2 .

Q. MARVELS

A.    mystery B.    wonders
C.    discovery D.    experiments
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3 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
The goals of terrorism differ somewhat from those of revolutionary movements. Revolution seeks to effect radical changes in the social and economic structure of the country and also in its power structures. They enunciate a new vision and programmes of action. Terrorist movements are neither radical nor revolutionary. They are destructive and stem usually from conservatism and revenge.
Terrorism seems to have become endemic to modern society. It continues to be generated by recurrent social crises, arising from the increasing marginalisation of some sections of society caused by the indiscriminate spread of capitalism and the free market economy, through the much-vaunted process of globalisation.
It is said that this modern phenomenon of terrorist movements is born out of frustration and despair. Despair caused by social marginalisation, economic decline and political defeat. Someone once said that "young hope betrayed, transforms itself into bombs." Perceived injustice, if allowed to continue unresolved, will also transform itself into despair and then violence. Leon Trotsky once described the two emotions central to terrorism as being despair and vengeance. The betrayed hopes one talks of are, as we are aware, the hopes of diverse communities to obtain their fair share of the cake.
At this point it would be useful to remind ourselves that it is not terrorism nor terrorists who divided Ireland nor caused the Israel-Palestinian problem 50 years ago. They did not impose White rule in South Africa, nor did the terrorists overthrow the duly elected governments of Salvador Allende in Chile. Terrorists did not separate India and Pakistan. To come closer home, neither did the armed Tamil militants create the circumstances for the marginalisation of the minority communities of Sri Lanka. It is perceived injustice that has engendered violent or terroristic responses from those who feel to be victims of that injustice.
It has been said that violence — social, political or physical — perpetrated by the State or the agents of the State against other States or its own people is the womb of terrorism. Today, there is a desperate need to study and understand the deep-rooted causes that divide groups of people who inhabit the same land and form one nation.
The causes of these conflicts and the form they take, whether it be terrorism or otherwise, must be studied and understood in a scientific and objective manner. I have no doubt you would agree that the governments and people of South Asia need to engage urgently in this exercise. South Asia has failed to emerge, even after half a century of independence, from cataclysmic intra-national divisions and conflicts.
The persistent assertion of emotional attachment to traditional beliefs may prove unhelpful in the present context. We may have to shed some of our traditional sectarian attitudes in order to manage the changes that have propelled us at extraordinary velocity into the modern world. New value systems, accompanied by new attitudes and new systems of managing change, would have to be formulated and adopted, if we are to cope with and benefit from the marvels of modern science and technology.

Direction : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Direction (Q. 3 - 5) : Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. DULY

A.    forcibly B.    dictatorially
C.    unopposedly D.    improperly
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4 .

Q. PERSISTENT

A.    liberal B.    weak
C.    temporary D.    infrequent
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5 .

Q. SHED

A.    absorb B.    ascertain
C.    decipher D.    behold
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6 .

Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In the following questions a pair of words has been given with a certain relationship. From the alternatives given below you have to find a pair of words with similar relationship and mark it as your answer.

Accursed : Detestable

A.    confab: irritate B.    denigrate: reject
C.    demure: exalted D.    enkindle : arouse
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7 .

Erroneous: Mistaken

A.    evanescent: evergreen B.    excruciating; thundering
C.    fatuous : foolish D.    feign: illness
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8 .

Rotund:Plump

A.    sardonic : sentimental B.    seamy : sordid
C.    sloth : smartness D.    panacea: medicine
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9 .

Coquetry: Flirting

A.    cordon: trap B.    courteous : benevolent
C.    cumbersome: decent D.    covert: secret
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10 .

Deceptive: Misleading

A.    exiguous : scanty B.    emcee: umpire
C.    evince : convince D.    feckless: fragile
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