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"Example is better than precept."
- (Proverb)
Bank PO :: Test 179
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1 - 10) : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
In this age, when popular involvement in day-to-day matters is mounting, it is the electronic systems that offer us a potential service infrastructure which could, with careful programming, probably take care of a very large element of what we describe as mechanical, procedural governance without all the distortions, corruptions and harassments which constitute the daily misery of the average citizen. Of course, the electronic systems will only behave to the extent that they are properly programmed. But this is no impossible task today.
Once we move our mind beyond the mere use of electronic revolution for business efficiency and higher profitability and apply it to the task of reducing the routine, repetitive activities of governance, we will conserve time and energy for more important and creative task. In other words, the electronic revolution can make for better and more effective handling of real everyday problems, in addition to providing the basic service of computerised information banks. Even in less developed conditions, the potential of the electronic network to take over a great deal of what is called bureaucratic "paper work" has been vividly demonstrated. Licensing system involving endless form-filling in endless copies; tax matters which baffle millions of citizens, particularly those who have nothing to hide; election systems which require massive supervisory mobilisations or referendums based on minuscule "samples" which seldom reflect the reality at the social base. At all these points, the electronic advantage is seen and recognised. However, we must proceed further..
It is possible to foresee a situation where the citizen, with his personalised computer entry card, his "number", is able to enter the electronic network for a variety of needs now serviced by regiments of officials, high and low. Indeed, this is already happening in a number of countries. From simple needs, we will move to more complex servicing, and, ultimately, into creativity or what is called "artificial intelligence".

What is the limitation of the electronic systems according to the passage ?

A.    It is based on a costly technology. B.    Only trained persons can operate it.
C.    It will function only according to its programming. D.    It cannot replace humain brain.
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2 .

Which of the following is the basic service provided by electronic system ?

A.    providing store of information B.    taking care of routine governance
C.    reducing the repetitive activities in administration D.    increasing profit in business
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3 .

In his presentation the author seems to be

A.    worried B.    contented
C.    critical D.    optimistic
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4 .

Which of the following statements is the true in context of the passage ?

A.    In future everyone will not have access to computers. B.    Computers will be providing various bureaucratic services.
C.    The electronic systems should be used only in business. D.    Computers are less efficient in less developed countries.
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5 .

Which of the following statements is not true in the context of the passage ?

A.    Computers will not work unless properly programmed. B.    Computers can reduce routine paper work.
C.    Procedural governance is torturous to people because of corruption. D.    Efficiency of the electronic system has already been established in many areas.
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6 .

What is meant by "artificial intelligence", as used in the passage ?

A.    ability of the computer to think B.    intelligence of machines
C.    intelligence of human brain D.    information gathered through electronic devices
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7 .

The author's main objective behind writing this passage is to

A.    defend the administrative structure B.    visualise the future use of electronic devices
C.    point out the loopholes in bureaucracy D.    make a strong case for the electronic system
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8 .

Give a suitable title to the passage.

A.    Significance of electronic systems B.    Idea of computers
C.    Technology and science D.    Age of information
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9 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
In this age, when popular involvement in day-to-day matters is mounting, it is the electronic systems that offer us a potential service infrastructure which could, with careful programming, probably take care of a very large element of what we describe as mechanical, procedural governance without all the distortions, corruptions and harassments which constitute the daily misery of the average citizen. Of course, the electronic systems will only behave to the extent that they are properly programmed. But this is no impossible task today.
Once we move our mind beyond the mere use of electronic revolution for business efficiency and higher profitability and apply it to the task of reducing the routine, repetitive activities of governance, we will conserve time and energy for more important and creative task. In other words, the electronic revolution can make for better and more effective handling of real everyday problems, in addition to providing the basic service of computerised information banks. Even in less developed conditions, the potential of the electronic network to take over a great deal of what is called bureaucratic "paper work" has been vividly demonstrated. Licensing system involving endless form-filling in endless copies; tax matters which baffle millions of citizens, particularly those who have nothing to hide; election systems which require massive supervisory mobilisations or referendums based on minuscule "samples" which seldom reflect the reality at the social base. At all these points, the electronic advantage is seen and recognised. However, we must proceed further..
It is possible to foresee a situation where the citizen, with his personalised computer entry card, his "number", is able to enter the electronic network for a variety of needs now serviced by regiments of officials, high and low. Indeed, this is already happening in a number of countries. From simple needs, we will move to more complex servicing, and, ultimately, into creativity or what is called "artificial intelligence".

Direction (Q. 9 - 10) : Choose the word which is thesame in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. FORESEE

A.    contemplate B.    visualise
C.    assume D.    futuristic
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10 .

Q. MISERY

A.    disaster B.    discontent
C.    revenge D.    torment
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