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Bank PO :: Test 4
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1 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.
Every technology has its positive and negative sides. It is the social process that controls the use and application of a technology which determines whether a particular technology delivers more good than bad. Unfortunately, the social process controlling the use and application of large dams has been extremely weak in India. Studies on corruption show that corrupt institutions focus much more on the "hardware" of a technology rather than on its "software".
Whether it is corruption, incompetence or plain ignorance, it is a matter of fact that the software of the vast irrigational resources created by large dams has been totally ignored, especially the dimensions of equity and sustainability. How should the water be used? What should be the cropping patterns? How should the water be shared? How are we going to deal With the problem of resettlement? Many such questions remain unaddressed in large irrigation systems built around big dams. The problem of resettlement is going to grow, if nothing else, because of population growth. A watershed that supported one lakh people will today support probably three lakh people and, in the years to come, even more. Will it be easy to resettle so many people?
Many large dams, especially in the humid regions, have not brought many benefits. Even where they have boosted agricultural production, as in the arid, semi-arid and subhumid areas, the irrigational resources, in most cases, have been cornered by the more powerful farmers to grow waterintensive, but high-value, crops like rice and sugarcane, leaving many poor farmers without water.
In any case, large dams mainly benefit farmers in the plains and not farmers in the hill and mountain regions (lands being up and down), which constitute a large part of land area where a number of poor farmers live.
The ultimate problem is that even ifthe most optimistic projections for large dams and inter-basin transfers were to become a reality, a very substantial part of India will not get irrigation facil ities. Uptil now, the Government has not come up with a real programme to address the problems farmers in existing rainfed agricultural lands face. It has simply left these farmers in misery, destitution and poverty. This is where the use of the local rainfall endowment and dependence on local water harvesting, whose potential is not small, to provide not only stability but also increase productivity is critical.

Direction : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. HUMID

A.    hot B.    rainy
C.    warm D.    moist
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2 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.
Every technology has its positive and negative sides. It is the social process that controls the use and application of a technology which determines whether a particular technology delivers more good than bad. Unfortunately, the social process controlling the use and application of large dams has been extremely weak in India. Studies on corruption show that corrupt institutions focus much more on the "hardware" of a technology rather than on its "software".
Whether it is corruption, incompetence or plain ignorance, it is a matter of fact that the software of the vast irrigational resources created by large dams has been totally ignored, especially the dimensions of equity and sustainability. How should the water be used? What should be the cropping patterns? How should the water be shared? How are we going to deal With the problem of resettlement? Many such questions remain unaddressed in large irrigation systems built around big dams. The problem of resettlement is going to grow, if nothing else, because of population growth. A watershed that supported one lakh people will today support probably three lakh people and, in the years to come, even more. Will it be easy to resettle so many people?
Many large dams, especially in the humid regions, have not brought many benefits. Even where they have boosted agricultural production, as in the arid, semi-arid and subhumid areas, the irrigational resources, in most cases, have been cornered by the more powerful farmers to grow waterintensive, but high-value, crops like rice and sugarcane, leaving many poor farmers without water.
In any case, large dams mainly benefit farmers in the plains and not farmers in the hill and mountain regions (lands being up and down), which constitute a large part of land area where a number of poor farmers live.
The ultimate problem is that even ifthe most optimistic projections for large dams and inter-basin transfers were to become a reality, a very substantial part of India will not get irrigation facil ities. Uptil now, the Government has not come up with a real programme to address the problems farmers in existing rainfed agricultural lands face. It has simply left these farmers in misery, destitution and poverty. This is where the use of the local rainfall endowment and dependence on local water harvesting, whose potential is not small, to provide not only stability but also increase productivity is critical.

Direction : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. CORNERED

A.    approached B.    haunted
C.    attacked D.    controlled
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3 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.
Every technology has its positive and negative sides. It is the social process that controls the use and application of a technology which determines whether a particular technology delivers more good than bad. Unfortunately, the social process controlling the use and application of large dams has been extremely weak in India. Studies on corruption show that corrupt institutions focus much more on the "hardware" of a technology rather than on its "software".
Whether it is corruption, incompetence or plain ignorance, it is a matter of fact that the software of the vast irrigational resources created by large dams has been totally ignored, especially the dimensions of equity and sustainability. How should the water be used? What should be the cropping patterns? How should the water be shared? How are we going to deal With the problem of resettlement? Many such questions remain unaddressed in large irrigation systems built around big dams. The problem of resettlement is going to grow, if nothing else, because of population growth. A watershed that supported one lakh people will today support probably three lakh people and, in the years to come, even more. Will it be easy to resettle so many people?
Many large dams, especially in the humid regions, have not brought many benefits. Even where they have boosted agricultural production, as in the arid, semi-arid and subhumid areas, the irrigational resources, in most cases, have been cornered by the more powerful farmers to grow waterintensive, but high-value, crops like rice and sugarcane, leaving many poor farmers without water.
In any case, large dams mainly benefit farmers in the plains and not farmers in the hill and mountain regions (lands being up and down), which constitute a large part of land area where a number of poor farmers live.
The ultimate problem is that even ifthe most optimistic projections for large dams and inter-basin transfers were to become a reality, a very substantial part of India will not get irrigation facil ities. Uptil now, the Government has not come up with a real programme to address the problems farmers in existing rainfed agricultural lands face. It has simply left these farmers in misery, destitution and poverty. This is where the use of the local rainfall endowment and dependence on local water harvesting, whose potential is not small, to provide not only stability but also increase productivity is critical.

Direction : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Direction : Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. IGNORANCE

A.    cognisance B.    progressive
C.    empathy D.    apathy
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4 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.
Every technology has its positive and negative sides. It is the social process that controls the use and application of a technology which determines whether a particular technology delivers more good than bad. Unfortunately, the social process controlling the use and application of large dams has been extremely weak in India. Studies on corruption show that corrupt institutions focus much more on the "hardware" of a technology rather than on its "software".
Whether it is corruption, incompetence or plain ignorance, it is a matter of fact that the software of the vast irrigational resources created by large dams has been totally ignored, especially the dimensions of equity and sustainability. How should the water be used? What should be the cropping patterns? How should the water be shared? How are we going to deal With the problem of resettlement? Many such questions remain unaddressed in large irrigation systems built around big dams. The problem of resettlement is going to grow, if nothing else, because of population growth. A watershed that supported one lakh people will today support probably three lakh people and, in the years to come, even more. Will it be easy to resettle so many people?
Many large dams, especially in the humid regions, have not brought many benefits. Even where they have boosted agricultural production, as in the arid, semi-arid and subhumid areas, the irrigational resources, in most cases, have been cornered by the more powerful farmers to grow waterintensive, but high-value, crops like rice and sugarcane, leaving many poor farmers without water.
In any case, large dams mainly benefit farmers in the plains and not farmers in the hill and mountain regions (lands being up and down), which constitute a large part of land area where a number of poor farmers live.
The ultimate problem is that even ifthe most optimistic projections for large dams and inter-basin transfers were to become a reality, a very substantial part of India will not get irrigation facil ities. Uptil now, the Government has not come up with a real programme to address the problems farmers in existing rainfed agricultural lands face. It has simply left these farmers in misery, destitution and poverty. This is where the use of the local rainfall endowment and dependence on local water harvesting, whose potential is not small, to provide not only stability but also increase productivity is critical.

Direction : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Direction : Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. BOOSTED

A.    closed B.    deserted
C.    abandoned D.    decreased
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5 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.
Every technology has its positive and negative sides. It is the social process that controls the use and application of a technology which determines whether a particular technology delivers more good than bad. Unfortunately, the social process controlling the use and application of large dams has been extremely weak in India. Studies on corruption show that corrupt institutions focus much more on the "hardware" of a technology rather than on its "software".
Whether it is corruption, incompetence or plain ignorance, it is a matter of fact that the software of the vast irrigational resources created by large dams has been totally ignored, especially the dimensions of equity and sustainability. How should the water be used? What should be the cropping patterns? How should the water be shared? How are we going to deal With the problem of resettlement? Many such questions remain unaddressed in large irrigation systems built around big dams. The problem of resettlement is going to grow, if nothing else, because of population growth. A watershed that supported one lakh people will today support probably three lakh people and, in the years to come, even more. Will it be easy to resettle so many people?
Many large dams, especially in the humid regions, have not brought many benefits. Even where they have boosted agricultural production, as in the arid, semi-arid and subhumid areas, the irrigational resources, in most cases, have been cornered by the more powerful farmers to grow waterintensive, but high-value, crops like rice and sugarcane, leaving many poor farmers without water.
In any case, large dams mainly benefit farmers in the plains and not farmers in the hill and mountain regions (lands being up and down), which constitute a large part of land area where a number of poor farmers live.
The ultimate problem is that even ifthe most optimistic projections for large dams and inter-basin transfers were to become a reality, a very substantial part of India will not get irrigation facil ities. Uptil now, the Government has not come up with a real programme to address the problems farmers in existing rainfed agricultural lands face. It has simply left these farmers in misery, destitution and poverty. This is where the use of the local rainfall endowment and dependence on local water harvesting, whose potential is not small, to provide not only stability but also increase productivity is critical.

Direction : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Direction : Choose the word which is opposite in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. DESTITUTION

A.    prosperity B.    confidence
C.    boldness D.    upliftment
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6 .

Directions (6-10): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is 5). (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.)

Q. 1) India is determined /2) to defeat Pakistan /3) in the war proxy /4) it has unleashed in Kashmir. /5) No error

A.    India is determined B.    to defeat Pakistan
C.    in the war proxy D.    it has unleashed in Kashmir.
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7 .

Q. 1) As when the stranger entered /2) the town he was met by a policeman /3) who asked him /4) if he was a traveller. /5) No error

A.    As when the stranger entered B.    the town he was met by a policeman
C.    who asked him D.    if he was a traveller.
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8 .

Q. 1) The general told his /2) mutinous troops that /3) they had charged disgrace /4) upon a famous regiment. /5) No error

A.    The general told his B.    mutinous troops that
C.    they had charged disgrace D.    upon a famous regiment.
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9 .

Q. 1) He cautioned his sons /2) not to quarrel amongst /3) themselves when he was dead /4) but to remain united. /5) No error

A.    He cautioned his sons B.    not to quarrel amongst
C.    themselves when he was dead D.    but to remain united.
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10 .

Q. 1) The traveller asked /2) the peasant if he could /3) tell him the way /4) to the nearest inn. /5) No error

A.    The traveller asked B.    the peasant if he could
C.    tell him the way D.    No error
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