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Bank PO :: Test 42
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1 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
The good earth has been a cockpit of conflict and war through centuries of human history. These wars have taken a heavy toll of human life. The twentieth century, which witnessed two world wars, was easily the worst. World War II concluded with two atom bombs let loose by the US on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Yet humanity does not seem to have learnt the lesson. To be sure, while World War 11 followed World War 1 in a little more than two decades, World War III has not taken place so far. However, the years since World War II have not been years of peace. After World War II, the US and USSR emerged as two superpowers. They led two hostile power blocs confronting each other. The confrontation could have easily led to the conflagration of World War III. Fortunately for humanity, the confrontation remained as a prolonged cold war which came to an end with the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 and of the Soviet Bloc of countries. The Warsaw Pact, which tied these countries together, was wound up. However, even after the end of the cold war, the US has not found it necessary to wind up the Atlantic Pact. On the other hand, its scope has been widened so as to include countries of the erstwhile Warsaw Pact. Through all this period, the world was afflicted by conflict and war. Since 1945 till the present, nearly 200 international and civil wars have been fought around the world. Of this, the Vietnam war was the most brutal and horrendous. It took a toll of two million lives and ultimately ended in the ignominious withdrawal of the US from the obscure country of Asia. The only lesson the US learnt from this war is that in future it should engage only in remotely controlled wars as in Iraq and Kosovo without directly engaging its troops on the ground. If in the process two lakh Iraqi lives are lost it should not matter, since in its view America is the only "indispensable country" and only American lives are precious.
The UN ESCO Charter says that wars are born in the minds of men and it is only by changing the mindset that wars can be avoided. The message of Indian civilisation through centuries from Bhagwan Buddha to Mahatma Gandhi has been of nonviolence. Ahimsaparamo dharma has been the motto. The charter of humanity today should commend this message to all the countries of the world, particularly the sole surviving superpower. The United Nations, which was established after World War 11, should adopt it as its motto. After al 1 these years of war, humanity should expressly abjure war as the instrument of solving disputes.

Direction (Q. 1-2): Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. AFFLICTED

A.    covered B.    multiplied
C.    thronged D.    beset
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2 .

Q. INDISPENSABLE

A.    powerful B.    genius
C.    vital D.    superb
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3 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below it. Certain words are given in bold to help you locate them while answering some of the questions.
The good earth has been a cockpit of conflict and war through centuries of human history. These wars have taken a heavy toll of human life. The twentieth century, which witnessed two world wars, was easily the worst. World War II concluded with two atom bombs let loose by the US on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Yet humanity does not seem to have learnt the lesson. To be sure, while World War 11 followed World War 1 in a little more than two decades, World War III has not taken place so far. However, the years since World War II have not been years of peace. After World War II, the US and USSR emerged as two superpowers. They led two hostile power blocs confronting each other. The confrontation could have easily led to the conflagration of World War III. Fortunately for humanity, the confrontation remained as a prolonged cold war which came to an end with the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991 and of the Soviet Bloc of countries. The Warsaw Pact, which tied these countries together, was wound up. However, even after the end of the cold war, the US has not found it necessary to wind up the Atlantic Pact. On the other hand, its scope has been widened so as to include countries of the erstwhile Warsaw Pact. Through all this period, the world was afflicted by conflict and war. Since 1945 till the present, nearly 200 international and civil wars have been fought around the world. Of this, the Vietnam war was the most brutal and horrendous. It took a toll of two million lives and ultimately ended in the ignominious withdrawal of the US from the obscure country of Asia. The only lesson the US learnt from this war is that in future it should engage only in remotely controlled wars as in Iraq and Kosovo without directly engaging its troops on the ground. If in the process two lakh Iraqi lives are lost it should not matter, since in its view America is the only "indispensable country" and only American lives are precious.
The UN ESCO Charter says that wars are born in the minds of men and it is only by changing the mindset that wars can be avoided. The message of Indian civilisation through centuries from Bhagwan Buddha to Mahatma Gandhi has been of nonviolence. Ahimsaparamo dharma has been the motto. The charter of humanity today should commend this message to all the countries of the world, particularly the sole surviving superpower. The United Nations, which was established after World War 11, should adopt it as its motto. After al 1 these years of war, humanity should expressly abjure war as the instrument of solving disputes.

Direction : Choose the word which is the same in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Direction (Q. 3-5): Choose the word which is opposite in meaning to the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. CONFRONTING

A.    facing B.    favouring
C.    empowering D.    judging
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4 .

Q. HORRENDOUS

A.    transparent B.    laudable
C.    appreciable D.    pleasant
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5 .

Q. ABJURE

A.    approve B.    oppose
C.    block D.    legalise
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6 .

Direction (Q. 6-10): Read each sentence to find out whether there is any error in it. The error, if any, will be in one part of the sentence. The number of that part is the answer. If there is no error, the answer is 4). (Ignore the errors of punctuation, if any.)

Q. 1) 1 agree your thought that /2) even the best writers /3) in our vernaculars are rarely /4) known outside their language.

A.    1 agree your thought that B.    even the best writers
C.    in our vernaculars are rarely D.    known outside their language.
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7 .

Q. 1) It was the abject failure /2) of the authorities to act /3) in the first place that /4) set the fire on fuse.

A.    It was the abject failure B.    of the authorities to act
C.    in the first place that D.    set the fire on fuse.
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8 .

Q. 1) As it sometimes /2) raises political temperatures /3) to get the truth, /4) it has its dividends.

A.    As it sometimes B.    raises political temperatures
C.    to get the truth, D.    it has its dividends.
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9 .

Q. 1) She is the woman /2) in the histoYy of /3) any sport to enjoy success /4) against top men players.

A.    She is the woman B.    in the histoYy of
C.    any sport to enjoy success D.    against top men players.
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10 .

Q. 1) After failed to make /2) a living as a journalist /3) he became a /4) professional chess player.

A.    After failed to make B.    a living as a journalist
C.    he became a D.    professional chess player.
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