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Bank PO :: Test 46
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1-7): Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words are printed in bold to help you locate them answering some of the questions.
A nine-membered international task force on conservation of forests has identified India as one of the 56 countries of the world which are critically affected by widespread deforestation and steady destruction of natural watersheds. It has also warned that unless urgent conservation measures are taken, the country will face a serious food crisis in the next century. The report correctly describes the Himalayan eco system as the most critical watershed in the world, the degradation of which now threatens the very processes of life in the Indo-Gangetic plain. The report documents some aspects of the process of environmental destruction that is at work in this country and calls for an expenditure of about ?1,450 crores over the next five years to reverse some of the damage that has taken place. While the task force's report is a welcome reminder of the urgency to the task of halting and rolling back the most awesome form of destruction that this country has ever witnessed, it regrettably underestimates the magnitude of the effort involved and hence falls short of suggesting a comprehensive solution to the problem. For instance, the five-year plan. Its recommendation bears no relationship to the resources that will be actually needed to reach a net rate of zero deforestation. At present deforestation is proceeding at the furious pace of 1.3 million hectares a year.
Past experience shows that more than ?300 crores in government expenditure alone is needed over four to five years at today's prices merely to plant less than a million hectare. Realistically speaking, resources of the order ofTl ,000 crores a year will be necessary for the next five years to sustain a plan that actually provides a forest cover to badly denuded land. And an underestimation of the magnitude of such a plan is not the only flaw in the report. An even more serious one, related to the first, lies in its failure to establish a coherent set of priorities among the different functions that an afforestation programme must perform. To take just one example, the vital task of planting fuel wood and fodder trees is put at par with the planting of trees to meet raw materials requirement of industries. Owing to confusion, the task force falls short of recommending the kind of radical measures. Wood-based industries step against the spreading of monocultures and entrusting afforestation programmes.

The author's chief concern appears to be

A.    conservation of forests B.    destruction of natural watersheds
C.    degradation of Himalayan eco systems D.    to discuss the report of international task force
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2 .

In order to reverse the damage caused by deforestation, India, in a period of five years, will be required to incur a total expenditure of about 7_________.

A.    300 crores B.    1000 crores
C.    1450 crores D.    2450 crores
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3 .

What seems to be the immediate cause for writing the passage ?

A.    Danger of famine B.    Scarcity of water
C.    Scarcity of food grains D.    Report of the international task force on conservation of forests
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4 .

The international task force has not

A.    suggested a comprehensive scheme for dealing with the problem of deforestation B.    emphasised the urgency of tackling the problem
C.    underestimated the magnitude of problem of deforestation D.    underestimated the intensity of the problem of the natural watersheds
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5 .

If proper steps are not taken to stop the degradation of Himalayan eco system, the gravest problem India may face is the shortage of

A.    water B.    food
C.    fodder D.    fuel wood
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6 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words are printed in bold to help you locate them answering some of the questions.
A nine-membered international task force on conservation of forests has identified India as one of the 56 countries of the world which are critically affected by widespread deforestation and steady destruction of natural watersheds. It has also warned that unless urgent conservation measures are taken, the country will face a serious food crisis in the next century. The report correctly describes the Himalayan eco system as the most critical watershed in the world, the degradation of which now threatens the very processes of life in the Indo-Gangetic plain. The report documents some aspects of the process of environmental destruction that is at work in this country and calls for an expenditure of about ?1,450 crores over the next five years to reverse some of the damage that has taken place. While the task force's report is a welcome reminder of the urgency to the task of halting and rolling back the most awesome form of destruction that this country has ever witnessed, it regrettably underestimates the magnitude of the effort involved and hence falls short of suggesting a comprehensive solution to the problem. For instance, the five-year plan. Its recommendation bears no relationship to the resources that will be actually needed to reach a net rate of zero deforestation. At present deforestation is proceeding at the furious pace of 1.3 million hectares a year.
Past experience shows that more than ?300 crores in government expenditure alone is needed over four to five years at today's prices merely to plant less than a million hectare. Realistically speaking, resources of the order ofTl ,000 crores a year will be necessary for the next five years to sustain a plan that actually provides a forest cover to badly denuded land. And an underestimation of the magnitude of such a plan is not the only flaw in the report. An even more serious one, related to the first, lies in its failure to establish a coherent set of priorities among the different functions that an afforestation programme must perform. To take just one example, the vital task of planting fuel wood and fodder trees is put at par with the planting of trees to meet raw materials requirement of industries. Owing to confusion, the task force falls short of recommending the kind of radical measures. Wood-based industries step against the spreading of monocultures and entrusting afforestation programmes.

Direction (Q. 6): Select the word which is SAME in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. Pace

A.    Momentum B.    Rate
C.    Progress D.    Gain
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7 .

Direction : Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given below. Certain words are printed in bold to help you locate them answering some of the questions.
A nine-membered international task force on conservation of forests has identified India as one of the 56 countries of the world which are critically affected by widespread deforestation and steady destruction of natural watersheds. It has also warned that unless urgent conservation measures are taken, the country will face a serious food crisis in the next century. The report correctly describes the Himalayan eco system as the most critical watershed in the world, the degradation of which now threatens the very processes of life in the Indo-Gangetic plain. The report documents some aspects of the process of environmental destruction that is at work in this country and calls for an expenditure of about ?1,450 crores over the next five years to reverse some of the damage that has taken place. While the task force's report is a welcome reminder of the urgency to the task of halting and rolling back the most awesome form of destruction that this country has ever witnessed, it regrettably underestimates the magnitude of the effort involved and hence falls short of suggesting a comprehensive solution to the problem. For instance, the five-year plan. Its recommendation bears no relationship to the resources that will be actually needed to reach a net rate of zero deforestation. At present deforestation is proceeding at the furious pace of 1.3 million hectares a year.
Past experience shows that more than ?300 crores in government expenditure alone is needed over four to five years at today's prices merely to plant less than a million hectare. Realistically speaking, resources of the order ofTl ,000 crores a year will be necessary for the next five years to sustain a plan that actually provides a forest cover to badly denuded land. And an underestimation of the magnitude of such a plan is not the only flaw in the report. An even more serious one, related to the first, lies in its failure to establish a coherent set of priorities among the different functions that an afforestation programme must perform. To take just one example, the vital task of planting fuel wood and fodder trees is put at par with the planting of trees to meet raw materials requirement of industries. Owing to confusion, the task force falls short of recommending the kind of radical measures. Wood-based industries step against the spreading of monocultures and entrusting afforestation programmes.

Direction : Select the word which is SAME in meaning as the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Direction (Q. 7): Select the word which is OPPOSITE in meaning of the word given in bold as used in the passage.

Q. Critical

A.    Substantial B.    Negligible
C.    Secondary D.    Large
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8 .

Directions (Q. 8-10): In each of the following sentences there are blank spaces. Below each sentence there are four pairs of words denoted by the numbers 1,2,3, and 4. Find out which pair of words can be filled up in the blanks in the sentence in the same sequence to make it meaningfully complete.

The fear_________ with feeling incompetent is the fear of being humiliated, embarrassed and__________.

A.    endowed, criticised B.    afflicted, downtrodden
C.    consistent, damaged D.    associated, vulnerable
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9 .

If a professional_________ his professional development and__________education, he may quickly become obsolete.

A.    management, voluminous B.    higher, vulnerable
C.    neglects, better D.    refuses, higher
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10 .

This book is readable, clear and______________ researched with _ _ _ _ _ detailed references.

A.    fabulously, intricate B.    meticulously, extensive
C.    leisurely, complete D.    hardly, national
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