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Bank PO :: Test 66
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1-10): Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Education is perhaps the most vital requirement for inclusive growth, empowering individuals and society, opening up opportuníties and promoting trué public participation in the development process. It is an important factor fhat fuels both social change and economic growth.
India is actively pushing forward its agenda for revamping and restructuring education in the country. Thanks to schemes like the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Midday Meal Schemes, enrolment rates in schools have gone up, as have the number of schools. Right to Education is now a fundamental right of all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. In simple words, it means that the government will be responsible for providing education to every' child up to eighth standard, free of cost, irrespective of his class and gender. It has, thus, paved the way for building a strong literate and empowered society in this country.
However, the realisation of this objective is not going to be very easy, not when the school system in the country, especially that in rural areas, continues to be plagued by problems of poor infrastructure, shortage of teachers, their lack of training and motivation besides poverty and livelihood issues that are responsible for the huge drop-out rates. It is estimated that there is a shortage of nearly five lakh teachers, while about three lakh of them are untrained at the elementary school stage. Over 53 per cent of schools have a studentteacher ratio much poorer than the 1:30 prescribed under the Act. About 46 per cent schools do not have toilets for girls, which is another reason why parents do not send girl children to schools.
However, if our track records in literacy is an indication, we can be quite hopeful of achieving the target of providing school education to all our children. A 65 per cent literacy rate in 2001 from a mere 14 per cent in 1947 is a record established with a lot of vision and hard work — a record we can be justifiably proud of. India's commitment to provide compulsory education to nearly 22 crore children between the ages of 6 to 14 years is evident in schemes like those providing rural children with stipends, free unifórms and text books, mid-day meals and special attention to education of the girl child. While issues of equity, quality and access remain areas of concern, particularly in rural schools, rapid efforts are being made to address them effectively and in a sustained manner.
By enacting the Right to Education, India now joins a select few countries in the world where education is a fundamental right. Education is the surest route to development. It will transform the whole society and the gains of such a development will be inclusive and widespread.

According to the passage, the term "inclusive growth" refers to

A.    True public participation in the development process B.    Opening up opportunities
C.    Economic growth coupled with educational development D.    None of these
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2 .

What have triggered the enrolment rates in schools per the passage ?

A.    Economic growth B.    Poverty eradication programmes
C.    Schemes like the "Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan" and "Midday Meal Scheme". D.    All the above
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3 .

"Right to Education is now a fundamental right for children in the age group of 6 to 14 years." It means

A.    the parents/guardians of the said age group will have to get their children enrolled in school. B.    all the children of 6 to 14 years will compulsorily get education.
C.    all the referred children will have to be enrolled in a govt school. D.    now, it is the responsibility of the govt to ensure that each and every child of the concerned age group is provided education at least up to class VIII, free of cost.
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4 .

Consider the following statements.
(1) The educational institutions in India severely lack quality teachers.
(2) The objective of 'education to all' is not easy to be achieved for our school system is plagued by serious problems like poor infrastructure, shortage of teachers etc.

A.    Only (1) is true B.    Only (2) is true
C.    Both are true D.    Not related to passage
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5 .

What is the rate of growth of literacy from 1947 to 2001 ?

A.    65% B.    14%
C.    56% D.    51%
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6 .

What, in your view, should be the title of the passage ?

A.    Right to Education—A road to 100% literacy B.    Education for All—A distant goal
C.    Educational infrastructure—the biggest setback D.    Sarva Shiksha—Aprolonged dream
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7 .

The main factor responsible for huge drop-out rates is

A.    Caste system B.    Background
C.    Teachers inability D.    None of these
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8 .

According to the data collected, the number of children aged between 6 to 14 years who qualify for compulsory education under the provisions of 'Right to Education Act' are

A.    200 billion B.    220 billion
C.    220 million D.    Data not found
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9 .

Direction : Read the passage carefully and answer the questions given below it.
Education is perhaps the most vital requirement for inclusive growth, empowering individuals and society, opening up opportuníties and promoting trué public participation in the development process. It is an important factor fhat fuels both social change and economic growth.
India is actively pushing forward its agenda for revamping and restructuring education in the country. Thanks to schemes like the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan and Midday Meal Schemes, enrolment rates in schools have gone up, as have the number of schools. Right to Education is now a fundamental right of all children in the age group of 6 to 14 years. In simple words, it means that the government will be responsible for providing education to every' child up to eighth standard, free of cost, irrespective of his class and gender. It has, thus, paved the way for building a strong literate and empowered society in this country.
However, the realisation of this objective is not going to be very easy, not when the school system in the country, especially that in rural areas, continues to be plagued by problems of poor infrastructure, shortage of teachers, their lack of training and motivation besides poverty and livelihood issues that are responsible for the huge drop-out rates. It is estimated that there is a shortage of nearly five lakh teachers, while about three lakh of them are untrained at the elementary school stage. Over 53 per cent of schools have a studentteacher ratio much poorer than the 1:30 prescribed under the Act. About 46 per cent schools do not have toilets for girls, which is another reason why parents do not send girl children to schools.
However, if our track records in literacy is an indication, we can be quite hopeful of achieving the target of providing school education to all our children. A 65 per cent literacy rate in 2001 from a mere 14 per cent in 1947 is a record established with a lot of vision and hard work — a record we can be justifiably proud of. India's commitment to provide compulsory education to nearly 22 crore children between the ages of 6 to 14 years is evident in schemes like those providing rural children with stipends, free unifórms and text books, mid-day meals and special attention to education of the girl child. While issues of equity, quality and access remain areas of concern, particularly in rural schools, rapid efforts are being made to address them effectively and in a sustained manner.
By enacting the Right to Education, India now joins a select few countries in the world where education is a fundamental right. Education is the surest route to development. It will transform the whole society and the gains of such a development will be inclusive and widespread.

Direction (Q. 9-10) : Which of the following is most nearly the SAME in meaning as the word printed in bold as used in the passage ?

Q. Fuel

A.    Encourage B.    Force
C.    Empower D.    Flourish
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10 .

Q. Drop-out

A.    Leave B.    Go away
C.    Discourage D.    Discontinue
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