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Bank PO :: Test No 164
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between "Strong" arguments and "Weak" arguments insofar as they relate to the question. "Strong" arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. "Weak" arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Instructions: Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.

Statement: Should there be a screening test only for those doctors who get their qualification from foreign universities and want to practise in India ?
Arguments: I. Yes, the move will be effective by controlling the quality of doctors coming into India.
II. No, there is no similar screening procedure for Indian graduates.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if neither I nor II is strong.
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2 .

Statement: Should there be a ban on Bt Cotton in India ?
Arguments: I. Yes, Bt Cotton is aimed at large farmers and it is not useful for the tropical climate of India.
II. No, many European countries have given their approval to use this for their farmers.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if neither I nor II is strong.
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3 .

Statement: Should corruption-free services from the bureaucrats be made a fundamental right for the citizens of India ?
Arguments: I. Yes, the move will eliminate corruption from the bureaucracy and bring happiness to the citizen.
II. No, this will give a free hand to citizens to intervene in the work of bureaucracy and discourage the bureaucrats.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if neither I nor II is strong.
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4 .

Statement: Should there be reservation in Engineering and Medical colleges for those students who have pursued their education up to 10+2 from school/ college in rural areas ?
Arguments: I. Yes, the real objective of reservation should be aimed at giving impetus to those students who lack some facilities.
II. No, there exist already different categories for reservation; adding more to it will create confusion.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if both I and II are strong.
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5 .

Statements Should there be a ban for the second term of presidency ? 
Arguments: I. Yes, new persons must be given chances.
II. No, we should never make any changes in the Constitution made by forefathers.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if neither I nor II is strong.
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6 .

Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and uecide upon its degree of truth or falsity.

Gross Value Added per worker in agriculture has grown by 3.3 per cent per annum between 1993-94 and 1999-2000. The number of persons employed per 1000 population in rural areas declined from 444 to 417 and unemployment rate increased in case of rural male and females from 56 and 67 per cent respectively in 1993-94 to 72 and 73 respectively in 1999- 2000. It shows clearly that in spite of a fairly high GDP growth rate during this period, there was sharp decline in rural employment. The average number of days the rural male workers worked dropped from 331 days per annum in 1993-94 to 327 days per annum in 1999-2000. However, the average number of days the rural female workers worked increased from 241 to 246 during the same period.

Income earned by males in 1999-2000 was not adequate to support the family and females were compelled to work more than they did in 1993-94 to compensate for the meagre income earned by their male counterparts.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
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7 .

From 1993-94 to 1999-2000, the number of persons employed per 1000 population in rural areas declined by 6.08 per cent.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
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8 .

Fairly high GDP growth rate causes sharp decline in rural employment.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is definitely false, ie it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts.
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9 .

From 1993-94 to 1999-2000, the average number of days the rural female workers worked increased due to the development activities by the govt aimed at reducing female unemployment.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
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10 .

The relative position of agriculture labourers worsened during the 1990s.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the facts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
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