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Bank PO :: Test No 173
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1 .

Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity.

It is not only the consumer goods companies who are betting on rural India, but cement-makers' fortunes are also tied to the rural economy now. The recent spurt in cement despatches witnessed by major cement producers has been  triggered by rural India. Last fiscal even as the country was mired in industrial slowdown, northern and eastern India, which are   heavily dependent on agriculture income, showed above national average growth in cement demand. Last year, the cement despatches for domestic consumption increased by 9.6 per cent to 99.02 million tonnes. However, in states like West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh—both major producers of paddy—the growth in demand was around 15 per cent. In contrast more urbanised states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Kerala showed negative ornegligible growth. Expectations are rife that the cement demand from rural areas and small towns would increase further as the recently announced reforms in the agricultural sector gathers steam and agricultural production gets diversified towards cash crops.

Cement demand varies from small town to city.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the lScts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
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2 .

There is more cement work in rural India.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the lScts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
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3 .

The more the paddy production the more the demand of cement.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the lScts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
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4 .

Consumer goods companies have more sales in rural areas than in big cities.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the lScts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is probably false though not definitely false in the light of the facts given.
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5 .

Rural economy has nothing to do with the growth in demand of cement.

A.    if the inference is definitely true, ie it properly follows from the statement of facts given. B.    if the inference is probably true though not definitely true in the light of the lScts given.
C.    if the data are inadequate, ie from the facts given you cannot say whether the inference is likely to be true or false. D.    if the inference is definitely false, ie it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given for it contradicts the given facts.
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6 .

Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between "Strong" arguments and "Weak" arguments insofar as they relate to the question. "Strong" arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. "Weak" arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question.
Instructions: Each question below is followed by two arguments numbered I and II. You have to decide which of the arguments is a strong argument and which is a weak argument.

Statement: Should there be a ban on ultrasound checkup to detect the gender of the child in the womb ?
Arguments: I. Yes. It will hamper the sex ratio.
II. No. This will supress the freedom of the human beings.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if neither I nor II is strong;
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7 .

Statement: Should there be compulsory education till matriculation for every citizen of India ?
Arguments: I. Yes. Lack of education is the root cause of every evil, viz poverty, unemployment, etc.
II. No. It will be a violation of human rights.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if neither I nor II is strong;
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8 .

Statement: Should there be punishment in India for those who have more than two children ?
Arguments: I. Yes. It is very much desirable because there is no other way to control population growth, which is hampering the development of the country on every front.
II. Yes. If we want to be a developed country like China, we should follow it.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if neither I nor II is strong;
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9 .

Statement: Should there be a ban on using mobile phones while driving vehicles ?
Arguments: I. No. This will affect the basic purpose of keeping a mobile phone.
II. Yes. Doing two works simultaneously should not be permissible.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if neither I nor II is strong;
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10 .

Statement: Should there be a ban on surnames which reflect the caste and religion of persons ?
Arguments: I. Yes. This move will encourage communal harmony, which is very much desirable in secular states like India.
II. No. It is against our old social customs and traditions.

A.    if only argument I is strong. B.    if only argument II is strong.
C.    if either I or II is strong. D.    if both I and II are strong
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