Direction (Q. 1-5): In each question below are given two or three statements followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follows from the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.
Statements: Some flowers are red.
Some roses are flowers.
I All those flowers which are roses are red.
II No rose is red.
Without an active cooperation between the proprietor and the employees of the mill, it cannot remain a profitable concern for long.
Which of the following can be an effective step to maintain profitability for long ?
(A) The workers should be asked to cooperate with the owners.
(B) The mill should be closed down.
(C) The owner should be asked to cooperate with the employees.
Since it is possible that the substance contained in certain trees' roots may provide a cure for 'Bird Flu', the govt must provide sufficient fund to allow thorough testing of this possibility.
Which of the following assumptions is implicit in the above statement ? (An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted.)
A. A cure for Bird Flu would be extremely valuable for the society.
B. Substance contained in certain trees roots will probably cure Bird Flu.
C. The possibility of finding a cure is a sufficient reason for funding research for possible Bird Flu cures.
D. The govt is the only possible source of funds for the said research.
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option
The reason given for funding research is that there exists the possibility that the substance may cure 'Bird Flu'. This possibility is the unstated assumption.
One of the warmest winters on record has put consumers in the mood to spend money. Spending is likely to be the strongest in thirteen years. During the month of February, sales of existing single-family homes hit an annual record rate of4.75 million.
This paragraph best support s the statement that
A. there are about four million homes for sale during the month of February.
B. more people buy homes in the month of February than in any other month.
C. during the winter months, the prices of single-family homes are the lowest.
D. warm winter weather is likely to affect the rate of sales of home.
Answer & Explanation
Answer : Option
Option (4) is the best answer because the paragraph directly states that warm weather affects consumers' inclination towards spending money.
Option (1) is just a misleading figure.
Option (2) is wrong because even though there were high sales for a particular February, this does not mean that sales were not higher in other months.
Direction (Q. 9-10): Study the following information carefully and answer the given questions.
More than a decade of erosion in budgetary support from the Union Government has seriously affected Indian Railways' capacity to finance its plan expenditures. The situation has come to a pass where the railways must now think of innovative ways to get longer mileage from its investments. Significantly, the resource crunch has had grievous impact on the railways. As a result, it will not be in a position to acquire necessary equipment and this will seriously affect the railways' capacity to serve the needs of the economy in future.
(A) Railways had so far believed in traditional ways of generating income.
(B) Government wants to shift its priority from railways to other areas.
(C) During the current plan period, the Railways will be able to expand its network significantly.
(D) The fiscal position of railways in the earlier plan period was better than that in the current plan period.
Which of the following statements (A), (B), (C) and (D) is definitely true in the context of the given paragraph ?
Option (A) is true because it is mentioned in the passage that railways now need to find 'innovative ways' to get bigger returns from investments.
Option (D) is definitely true because 'erosion' suggests a gradual fall.