Direction : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Statement: Customers need to protect themselves against adulteration with the help of various food adulteration testing kits.
Assumptions: I. Government seems unable to carry out its responsibility.
II. Certain cases of food adulteration have come to notice.
Direction (Q. 2 - 7) : In each question below, there are three statements followed by four conclusions numbered I, II, III and IV. You have to take the given statements to be true even if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow(s) from the given statements.
Statements: a. Some restaurants are bars.
b. Some whiskeys are wines.
c. No restaurant is wine.
Conclusions: I. Some bars are wines.
II. Some bars are not wines.
III. Some whiskeys are restaurants.
IV. Some whiskeys are not restaurants.
Converted (a) is: Some bars are restaurant.
Now, converted (a) + (c) gives conclusion
II [∵ I + E = O]. Again, converted (c) is:
No wine is a restaurant. Now (b) + converted
(c) gives conclusion IV [ ∵I + E = O].
Statements: a. All bedsheets are towels.
b. All clothes are towels.
c. All clothes are cotton.
Conclusions: I. Some cottons are towels.
II. Some bedsheets are cotton.
III. Some bedsheets are clothes.
IV. Some clothes are not cotton.
Statements: a. No calendar is paper.
b. No bag is paper.
c. Some bags are brown.
Conclusions: I. Some brown are paper.
II. Some brown are not paper.
III. No calendar is a bag.
IV. Some bags are calendars.
Statements: a. Some pistols are guns.
b. All guns are AK-47.
c. Some AK-47 are rifles.
Conclusions: I. Some guns are AK-47.
II. Some pistols are AK-47.
III. Some pistols are rifles.
IV. Some pistols are not rifles.
Conclusion I follows as an immediate implication of (b). (a) + (b) gives conclusion II [ ∵ I + A = I]. Ill and IV do not follow from the rules of syllogism but they make a complementary pair [10 pair], so either of them follows.
Statements: a. Some documents are secret.
b. Some files are documents.
c. All secret are locks.
Conclusions: I. Some secret are documents.
II. Some secret are not documents.
III. Some locks are documents.
IV. Some files are secret.
Statements: a. No beaches are sea-shores.
b. Some coasts are sand.
c. All coasts are beaches.
Conclusions: I. Some sea-shores are not sand.
II. No sea-shores are coast.
III. Some sand are beaches.
IV. Some sand are not sea-shores.