Direction (Q. 1 - 5) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement.
Statement: "The leader of country 'X' has sent his special envoy to the capital of country 'Y', seeking the help of its PM to defuse the western crisis." — A report in a newspaper
Assumptions: I. 'Y' is one of the western countries which has responded positively in building international peace.
II. Efforts made by the PM of 'Y' is likely to defuse the crisis in the western part of the country.
Statement: "With 17" PC monitor of company X, get Laxmark Z13 colour Inkjet Printer absolutely free with one-year guarantee period." — An advertisement
Assumptions: I. More people willnow be attracted towards 17" PC monitor of company X due to this scheme.
II. The offer of providing free goods to the customers with some other goods of the company is likely to increase the sale of the company.
People looks for goods which are cheap as well as durable. Hence 1 is implicit. Since the scheme has been initiated with the aim of attracting more customers and further strengthening the company, II is also implicit.
Statement: "A couple alone cannot produce a stable structure because the laws of equilibrium prescribe that a three-sided system is more stable than one with two sides."
—Comments by a socialist on love marriages which do not enjoy the status of arranged marriages.
Assumptions: I. Arranged marriages are more in tune with the laws of equilibrium.
II. Instable structure of marriages are not desirable.
Statement: Along with the move to privatise public sector units running up losses, the government should adopt measures to utilise money to ameliorate the condition of the downtrodden.
Assumptions: I. The nation may be above all else but its citizens are a significant part of it.
II. Welfare of citizens is paramount.
Statement: "Medical and defence communities should always keep vigil as prompt diagnosis and early intervention could reduce morbidity and mortality and mitigate the ill-effects of a biological attack." — Mr 'X' makes' Y' aware of his opinion.
Assumptions: I. Biological attack is not desirable for society.
II. Medical and defence communities are equipped with the instruments of diagnosis.
Direction (Q. 6 - 10) : In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.
Statement: A new legislation which we have implemented is that vote of no-confidence motion against a Prime Minister must be accompanied by the name of an alternative leader. — Govt of the country X
Conclusions I: Government of country X is desirous to reduce the problem of political instability.
II. The move is likely to reduce the problem of frequent elections.
Statement: The Government has cut the interest rate on the General Provident Fund (GPF) and Special Deposit Scheme (SDS) from 9.5 to 9 percent. At the same time it has also reduced the interest on loans to government employees by hair a per cent.
Conclusions: I. Now cheaper funds will be available from the Centre's coffers for those planning to construct or purchase a house or buy a vehicle or computer.
II. The government employee will not be ready to invest their money into the scheme.
Statement: "While there is no harm in providing a safetybelt for international players, we need to pay more to our first-class players, especially as most of them are without jobs." —A statement made by the BCCI treasurer
Conclusions: I. Senior players already get huge amounts and giving them more makes little sense.
II. All first-class players need more motivation than that needed by international players.
1 does not follow because "senior players" is no category in the statement. II does not follow because "more" does not compare the two categories of players. The statement merely implies that first-class players should get more than what they do at present.
Statement: "Every Indian has to be a part of the global war on terrorism. We must, and we will, stamp out this evil from our land, and from the world." — PM of India
Conclusions: I. People's participation will certainly reduce the menace of terrorism.
II. The PM of India is concerned with the problem of terrorism.
Statement: In a non-immunised child if the body loses the war against the polio virus, it is carried by the blood to the nervous system and when the nervous system loses the war against the polio virus, the nerves which control the muscles are destroyed and this makes the child paralysed.
Conclusions: I. Immunisation programmes with a strong will power is likely to reduce the polio cases in the world.
II. In a non-immunised child, there are no antibodies present to restrict the virus attack on the internal part of the body.