Directions (Q. 1-5): In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Statement: The disinvestment in banks will eliminate scams and also reduce NPAs, thus strengthening the nation's finances.
Assumptions: I. Privatisation of banks will improve the Indian economy.
II. Corruption in private organisations is less than that in government organisations.
Statement: If universities in each state adopt the regional language as their medium of instruction, it will severely restrict the inter-state mobility of students and teachers.
Assumptions: I. Inter-state mobility of students and teachers is a major problem for the government.
II. There are so many languages in India.
Statement: Care should be taken to see that language learning does not become much of a burden on the students.
Assumptions: I. Students are already overburdened.
II. Languages do not play any important role in professional life.
Statement: Lack of transparency in financial and investment policies and bureaucratic delays are major hurdles as India tries to integrate its economy into the global market.
Assumptions: I. The investment policies need to be changed for large-scale globalisation in India.
II. Bureaucrats in India are corrupt.
Statement: Neglecting the manufacturing sector and veering towards the information technology industry is what has led to the slowdown in the economy.
Assumptions: I. Only growth in manufacturing sector can boost the Indian economy.
II. Information technology industry needs less manpower than manufacturing sector.
Direction (Q. 6-10): In each question below is given a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Statement: Bank strikes have become endemic and ad nauseam have been narrated the hardships and inconvenience caused to the public and the business community.
Conclusions: I. Bank employees are not getting proper salaries.
II. Bank comes under essential services.
Though bank strikes cause severe inconvenience to the pubic and business Community, it can't be concluded that banks come under essential Services. Hence II does not follow. The reason of strike can't be determined from the given Statement . Hence I does not follow.
Statement: As computers find new markets in middleclass Indian homes and the small-office-home office (SOHO) segment, pirated software are invading PCs as never before.
Conclusions: I. Big offices and rich men rarely use pirated software.
II. Original software is very costly in comparison to the pirated one.
Pirated Software has been specifically linked to the notsorich. Hence I follows. And what can be the reason fordistinction between the rich'and the notsorich? Cost seems to be the distinguishing factor. Hence II follows.
Statement: Due to excessive liberalisation, the MNCs are expanding their operations in India and products of Indian origin are losing their hold among users.
Conclusions: I. Indian products are costlier than MNC products.
II. The quality of Indian products is inferior to that of MNC products.
Statement: Western nations are withdrawing from UN peacekeeping missions in areas outside their strategic interest.
Conclusions: I. Western nations are more cautious about their safety.
II. The primary motive of Western countries is not to address the cause of disturbed countries, where they send their forces, but to serve their own motives.
Statement: India has one of the world's largest reservoirs of technical personnel, but also the world's largest number of illiterates, the world's largest middle class, and also the largest number of people below the poverty line, and the largest number of children suffering from malnutrition.
Conclusions: I. The population of India is highest in the world.
II. India is the largest democratic country in the world.